تاريخ كندا – Canada’s History – الصفحتين 14 و 15

لأنه تاريخ كندا مليء بالأحداث المهمة و لأنه هذا الجزء فيه 10 صفحات قسمتهم الى 5 أجزاء عشان نستوعب مع بعض كل المعلومات الموجودة في الكتاب .. الأجزاء الاخرى تقريبا جاهزة لكن محتاجة أعمل عليها مراجعة قبل ما أنزلها بالانجليزي

 

Why did European explorers call the native people they found in Canada Indians

Because they thought they had reached the East Indies

How did The native people live off the land

Some by hunting and gathering, others by raising crops

Which of the native people lived by farming and hunting

The Iroquois

Which of the native people were hunter-gatherers

The Cree and Dene

Which of the native people was nomadic

The Sioux

Who preserved fish by drying and smoking

West Coast natives

Why warfare was common among Aboriginal groups

They competed for land, resources and prestige

what happened to the Aboriginal peoples with the arrival of European Traders and colonists

 Many died from European disease they had no immunity for

 

What group of people, who also Colonized Greenland, first colonized Canada

 The Vikings

 

The first people to set foot in Canada apart from Aboriginal peoples are thought to have come from where

From Iceland

Where are the remains of the first settlement known as l’Anse aux Meadows

Newfoundland and Labrador

 

 Who was the first European explorer to draw the map of Canada’s East Coast and claiming the New Foundland Ford England

 John Cabot

 

What French explorer, after having made three voyages across the Atlantic and exploring the St. Lawrence River, claimed land for France

 Jacques Cartier 

 

Where does the name Canada come from

 From the Iroquoian word Kanata, meaning Village

 

Around what time did the name of Canada first begin appearing on maps

1550

 When did English settlement begin in Canada

1610

 

In which year did Samuel de Champlain and Pierre de Monts establish the first European settlement north of Florida 

1604

When was the first European settlement north of Florida established

1604

 

 Where was the first European settlement

St. Croix Island

In present day Maine

 

In 1608 Samuel de Champlain built a fortress at an area which is now

Quebec City

  Who built a fortress in Quebec City and allied The Colony with First Nations to battle the Iroquois

Samuel Champlain

 

In which year did the French make peace with the Iroquois

1701

 What economic trade did the French and Aboriginal people collaborate together on

 fur trade

 

Who did King Charles II of England grant exclusive trading rights to for the water draining into Hudson Bay

The Hudson’s Bay Company

In what year did King Charles II grant the Hudson’s Bay Company exclusive trading rights over the Hudson Bay area

1670

 

What did they call The skilled and courageous men who travelled by canoe, and formed strong alliances with First Nations

Voyageurs and Coureurs des Bois

 

Where did the Battle of the Plains of Abraham take place, in 1759

Quebec City

What are the names of The commanders who were killed in the Battke of the plains of Abraham

Brigadier James Wolfe and the Marquis de Montcalm

After Having beaten the French, what did the British rename the area of the Battle of the Plains

Province of Quebec

 who are known as Canadiens or habitants

 The French speaking Catholic people of the province of Quebec

 

When did the British Parliament pass the Québec act

1774

Where were the United Empire Loyalists, that fled the American Revolution settled in

Nova Scotia and Quebec

 

At the time of the American Revolution, how many Loyalists fled the oppression to Canada

More than 40,000

In 1792, some black Nova Scotians established a colony for free slaves where

Sierra Leone

 Who refused to surrender Quebec to the English in 1690

Count Frontenac 

 

Who was the Great Hero of New France, winning many victories over the English

Pierre Le Moyne

 

Who is the one who said “My only reply will be from the mouths of my cannons!”

Count Frontenac 

 

Who was the Governor of Quebec who defended the rights of the Canadiens, defeated an American military invasion of Quebec in 1775, and supervised the Loyalist migration to Nova Scotia and Quebec in 1782–83

Sir Guy Carleton (Lord Dorchester)

 


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